Turkey has annually several important days. Some of them return every year on the same date, while others follow the Islamic lunar calendar and take place on a different date every year. Hereby a list of the Important Days in Turkey in 2017.
Most of the hereby mentioned days are public holidays which means schools, banks and government institutions are closed. We have put the estimated number of public holidays in parentheses.
23 April (1 day) – National Sovereignty & Children’s Day (Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı) Commemorates the inauguration of the Turkish Parliament (Grand National Assembly -Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) in 1920 and marks the importance of children being the future of the nation.
1 May (1 day) – Labour & Solidarity Day (Emek ve Dayanışma Günü)
Labour Day is an annual holdiday in Turkey, as well as in many other countries in the world, to celebrate the achievements of workers.
19 May (1 day) – Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day (Atatürk’ü Anma, Gençlik ve Bayramı) – This day is celebrated to commemorate the landing of Mustafa Kemal (later honoured with the title Atatürk, Father of Turks) on May 19th 1919, which marks the start of the Turkish War of Independence.
26 May – 24 June Ramazan – the holy month of fasting. During this month, Muslims from all over the world abstain from eating, drinking etc. between sunrise and sunset.
24 June – 27 June (3 days) – Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı/Ramazan Bayramı) – Celebrating the end of the fasting
30 August (1 day) – Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı)
Commemoration of the Battle of Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922. This was the decisive battle in the Turkish War of Independence. The Turkish troops defeated the Greek troups.
31 August – 4 September (4 days) – Feast of Sarifice (Kurban Bayramı)
During this festival, Muslims slaughter an animal, usually a sheep, cow or goat. They do this in honour of the prophet Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son at the request of Allah. Traditionally the meat is divided into 3 portions: one for the poor, one for the friends and family and one for the own home.
29 October (1 day) – Republic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı)
One of the most important national holidays in Turkey is October 29th. On that day in 1923 Mustafa Kemal (later: Atatürk) proclamated the Republic of Turkey. With this declaration of the Republic, the Ottoman Empire and the absolute power of the sultan came to an end. The Grand National Assembly elected Mustafa Kemal to be the first president of the new Republic and he immediately started to modernize and develop the country.